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TN History for Kids

BigFootTeacherGuide

This section contains background information, Lexile measures and quiz answers for the booklet The Legend of Big Foot Spencer and other stories. General questions about the booklet, including how to purchase it, are answered here.

We printed this booklet on non-glossy paper. The intention was for students to write in their booklets and keep them.

Regarding the quizzes: we tried hard to come up with thoughtful questions. Please note that there may be multiple right answers.

De Soto and his army had a miserable time

Lexile measure: 850

Quiz answers:

  1. They were seeking gold. No, they never found it.
  2. Because since 2005 an archaeologist has found more than 100 coins left by de Soto's men on his property near Ocala, Florida.
  3. (I do not talk about this at great length in the text, but students may be able to theorize.) Many Tennesseans are proud of the fact that de Soto might have discovered the Mississippi River in their state. Many Mississippi residents are proud of the fact that de Soto might have discovered the Mississippi River in their state. It is a matter of state pride.
  4. (Answers will vary for this one.) I think de Soto's mission was a failure from de Soto's point of view, and it had a really sad affect on the American Indians that his army encountered. But it is very important.


The legend of Big Foot Spencer

Lexile measure: 740

Quiz answers:

  1. AMV. Any person (or thing) with a foot that big must be scary!
  2. AMV. Most of the settlers probably found life on the remote frontier more difficult than it had been in Virginia.
  3. Daniel Boone
  4. AMV. Many stories about large, strong people exaggerate their size and exploits.

The fort that is not a fort

Lexile measure: 810

Quiz answers:

  1. It looked old, its walls were made of stone and seemed to be shaped like a fort, so they called it Old Stone Fort.
  2. Between 1,600 and 2,000 years ago
  3. We think this because Native Americans often played chunkey at that time, and they did so in flat fields that were used as gathering spots.

Henry Timberlake--a hero who deserved better

Lexile measure: 850

Quiz answers:

  1. We know a lot about Timberlake's journey because he wrote a detailed journal about what he saw and experienced.
  2. We know that his journals were accurate because more than 200 years after he wrote them, researchers went back and, by digging in the dirt, found evidence that the structures were very much where he said they were and about as large as he said they were.
  3. Because he volunteered to tour the Cherokee villages and he also volunteered to take the Cherokee chiefs to Williamsburg and to London.

The path Lincoln wanted to save

Lexile measure: 810

Quiz answers:

  1. "I have never been lost, but I was might turned around for three days once." NOTE: If you google the words "Daniel Boone lost quote" you will find multiple versions of what he said. You might show your students this. If you do, here are interesting follow-up questions: "Why are there multiple versions of this quote? Do we really know exactly what he said?"
  2. It was important because it was the easiest way to travel west across the Cumberland Plateau and the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers.
  3. Most likely answer: During the Civil War, soldiers cut all the trees down, and today the Cumberland Gap is surrounded by trees. Subtle answer: During the Civil War, there were no paved roads through that part of Tennessee, and the people who came through looked a lot different than the ones who come through there now.
  4. President Lincoln asked General Howard to do something to help the people who lived in the area of the Cumberland Gap.
  5. The Freedman's Bureau was a government agency set up to help freed slaves.

Journey of the Adventure

Lexile measure: 810

First quiz answers (page 33)

  1. Kingsport
  2. They intended to eat fish that they caught and animals that they killed along the way.
  3. Dragging Canoe
  4. AMV. Women and children were probably sent by boat because it was believed that the journey would be easier by boat. NOTE: This question and this answer may start a debate about whether women and children should have been sent on a separate journey.

Second quiz answers (page 37)

  1. For about 2 months
  2. Knoxville
  3. The first person to die was an African-American man who was a slave. (By the way, his name is not recorded in history.)
  4. There were ashes and debris there because armed settlers had attacked and destroyed the village

Third quiz answers (page 45)

  1. It was last in line because smallpox had broken out on that boat, and Colonel Donelson ordered it to be last in the flotilla.
  2. When the Tennessee River crossed the Cumberland Plateau, it went through a series of rapids, dangerous currents, boulders sticking up from the bottom, and other things that made it dangerous to navigate.
  3. AMV. Answers to this question are completely speculative, but it is very possible that the journey would have made members of the Donelson Party more appreciative of life in general and distrustful of Native Americans.

The state that didn't become a state

Lexile measure: 870

Quiz answers

  1. AMV. The most likely answer would be that they wanted better protection from Native Americans. But another good answer is that settlers simply wanted better access to government functions.
  2. 7
  3. 1,000 deer skins  FOLLOW-UP QUESTION: What do these "salaries" tell us about how fast the settlers were killing deer, otter and other animals?
  4. We don't know the names of settlers who met and tried to form the state of Franklin because the records have been lost.

Holston treaty created Knoxville, but not peace

Lexile Score: 850

(Please note: this is after the primary sources are removed from the chapter. With primary sources left in, this chapter has a fairly high lexile measure.)

Quiz answers:

  1. Indian Removal, also known as the Trail of Tears
  2. (Answers may vary). Perhaps Blount wanted to impress the Cherokee chiefs, to let them know that the United States government took the treaty seriously, and to also let the Cherokee know that the United States government respected them and thought they were important.
  3. (Answers will definitely vary to this one.) There really is no wrong answer, so long as the student cites one of the terms in the treaty, which are listed on pages 53 and 54.

Violent quakes and a peaceful lake

Lexile measure: 800

Quiz answers

  1. AMV.
  2. We don't know because not very many people lived in the states that we now call Missouri, Tennessee, Kentucky and others. Many of the people who did live there were Native Americans who didn't have written languages.
  3. AMV. It is natural, not man made. It is not surrounded by hills like the other lakes in Tennessee. Its average depth is only five feet. It has cypress trees growing inside it.

George's numbers and Sequoyah's letters

Lexile measure: 810

Quiz answers:

  1. He was a blacksmith.
  2. He had two names because one of them (George Gist) was the one he used in the English speaking world, and the other (Sequoyah) was his Cherokee name.
  3. His daughter Akoya
  4. AMV. Having a written language allowed them to write and publish a Cherokee newspaper. But there are countless other things it would have enabled them to do -- write letters to each other, keep better business records, write history books, etc.

Ten reasons Andrew Jackson had a remarkable life

Lexile measure: 850

Quiz answers:

  1. His father died; his mother died; both of his brothers died. He was exposed to the Waxhaws Massacre through people he knew.
  2. Answers will obviously vary to this answer. But the idea here is to get students to learn to look things up on their own and have practice writing.

David Crockett loses his pants

Lexile measure: 750

Quiz answers

  1. AMV. He was good at hunting bears, telling stories, and swimming.
  2. AMV. He was not a good businessman, and he was not good at rafting.
  3. AMV. He would have had to explain to his wife, and to all the people to whom he owed money, why he didn't have any.
  4. AMV. It is a funny, amusing story, and maybe people would have liked Crockett because of the way he told it.

Masters has found a lot in the dirt

Lexile measure: 810

Quiz answers:

  1. Buffalo paths
  2. People quit living in them and using them, and in some cases we think they may have been torn down. After many years of being left alone, trees and vines would have grown around them and eventually the wood would rot. And if they weren't important to people it is easy to see how they were simply forgotten about.
  3. Word of mouth; researching old land grants and old maps; and getting out in the woods (with equipment) and exploring
  4. This is not really discussed in the text, but students should be able to figure out that the best time of year is winter. In winter, the poison ivy is not growing; the chiggers, bugs and ticks are not around; and it is much easier to see hidden things in the woods because the leaves have all fallen.

The steamboat and the locomotive

Lexile measure: 850

Quiz questions:

  1. Before the railroad was built, most goods were placed on rafts or boats and floated downriver along the Cumberland, Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans. (Obviously, some goods were distributed by horsepower to other locations in Middle Tennessee and elsewhere, but most would have gone down river.)
  2. If goods arrive quickly, the less expensive they are for the customer. Also, the faster the goods arrive at the customer, the faster the producer gets paid.
  3. Without the power of eminent domain, it can be very difficult for a railroad to purchase all the land it needs, and certainly difficult to acquire the land at a reasonable price.
  4. The railroad is not as important today because there are other modes of transportation, such as cars, trucks and airplanes.