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TN History for Kids

Hardeman County

The old building at the West Tennessee Mental Health Institute

In the 1880s, a retired Confederate colonel named Paul Jones donated land to start a home here for people with mental disabilities. It opened in 1889 and for many years was known as the West Tennessee Hospital for the Insane. By the 1950s it had more than 2,000 patients. Since that time, several other mental hospitals have been built in Tennessee.

Today the West Tennessee Mental Health Institute takes care of about 250 patients and is scattered on a campus with several buildings and has 700 employees. But the future of its beautiful original building is somewhat in doubt, since it badly needs renovation.

The abandoned train station in Grand Junction

Hardeman County also contains a small community called Grand Junction. Just like the name implies, Grand Junction was at the intersection of two important railroads -- the Memphis and Charleston Railroad and the Mississippi Central Railroad (later the Illinois Central Railroad). However, today there isn't much left of this important railroad junction, except an old train station in Grand Junction.

Stanley Scott in his college yearbook

Here's another story with a Hardeman County hook to it: Stanley Scott was born in Bolivar in 1933 into a family that had started some of the first black-oriented newspapers in the South.

“It wasn’t exactly an impoverished family by the black standards of the day, but at 10 or 12 Scott learned how to clean newsroom floors and live on the coins brought in by circulation fees,” a Chicago Tribune columnist later wrote.

Scott went to the University of Kansas, served in the Korean War, and then became a reporter. In 1964 he became the first black general assignment reporter for United Press International (UPI). A few years later he was the only reporter present when black nationalist Malcolm X was assassinated. Then, Scott went to work as a communications man in the administrations of President Richard Nixon, and later President Gerald Ford.

Stanley Scott died of cancer in 1992. The cancer center at Louisiana State University is named for him.

Here's the Hardeman County Courthouse.

Hardeman County

County seat: Bolivar

Population (2015 estimate): 25,707