Teacher’s Guide to Long March to Tennessee

Welcome to the teacher’s guide to the 5th grade Tennessee History for Kids booklet called Long March to Tennessee [2019-2020 edition]. This web page contains further information about the information contained in the booklet.

Rather than buying a single classroom set, please consider buying one for every student. TN History for Kids sells these booklets for $2 and print them on non-glossy paper because we want students to write in their booklets and keep them.

Please do NOT copy the booklets. That is a violation of our copyright and makes it difficult for us to continue to exist. The reason we sell them for only $2 is so teachers will not be tempted to copy the booklets.

If you would like the answers to the quiz questions in the booklet, please email me at bill@tnhistoryforkids.org and tell him your name and the school at which you teach.

Chapter One: Wild and Free

There are a couple of videos that might help bring this chapter to life for your students. Click here to see one called “Journey Through The Gap” and here to see one called “Trek Across Tennessee.”

Click here to be taken to the Jackson County history page, where you can read about Fort Blount.

I have written many Tennessee Magazine columns about the content in this chapter. These columns weren’t necessarily written at a fifth grade level, but your students might enjoy them anyway. Click here to read one of them, about Nickajack Cave, the Suck and Joseph Brown.

Finally, on page 3 there is a reference to the use of bear oil as an insect repellant and lamp fuel. Longhunters would have also drank bear oil, as this clipping from a 1962 history column by Hugh Walker points out.

Chapter Two: Digging in the Dirt

First of all, we need to give credit to archaeologist Aaron Deter-Wolf of the Tennessee Division of Archaeology for his assistance in writing and fact-checking the content of this chapter.

Speaking of Aaron Deter-Wolf, he makes an appearance in a good video we did for this chapter called “Digging Up Old Garbage.” Click here to see it.

Also, it needs to be pointed out that there is not universal agreement within archaeologists and textbooks about the various prehistoric time periods. The Archaic Period came at different times in different parts of the world, and therein lies part of the confusion. With this chapter, we went with the dates and eras as explained by Deter-Wolf.

On this website you will find many virtual tours about the sites mentioned in this chapter. Click here for a virtual tour of Old Stone Fort; here for a tour of Sellar’s Farm; here for a tour of Pinson Mounds; and here for a tour of the Gray Fossil site

Chapter Three: Summer House and Stickball

The video “Three Sisters and the Little Brother of War” goes great with this chapter. Click here to see it.

Click here for a virtual tour of the Museum of the Cherokee Indian in Cherokee, North Carolina. (We will be completely re-doing this virtual tour in the fall of 2019.)

Sidebar: Yuchi, Cherokee and Tanase

I consulted at length with Dr. Jason Jackson at Indiana University and with Mary Linn at the Smithsonian Center for Folklore and Cultural Heritage before I wrote this content. Both are experts on the very specialized topic of the Yuchi language (which, by the way, is a “critically endangered language.”)

Chapter Four: Longhunters and the Gap

Spencer’s Rock

Click here for a Tennessee History for Kids webpage “In Search of de Soto.”

Longhunters are a fascinating subject within the world of Tennessee history–especially in light of the popularity¬† of “survival skills” shows such as “Man versus Wild” and “Dual Survival.” I will also admit that Thomas “Big Foot” Spencer is of special interest because of the stories about him, because there is a creek a few yards from my office named for him, and because this rock in Cumberland County is supposedly where he was killed.

Click on the image to the right, and show it to your students on a big screen. Is it just me, or does the rock LOOK LIKE a man’s face?

Also, click here for a virtual tour of Cumberland Gap National Park, which is truly one of the most overlooked historical and natural wonders in Tennessee. It was at this national park, of course, where we filmed this video.

Chapter Five: Dangerous Example

Fort Loudoun is mentioned in the (U.S. history) 4th grade standards and the (U.S. history) 8th grade standards, but not in the (Tennessee history) 5th grade standards. Nevertheless, what happened at Fort Loudoun is an important background for this chapter. Click here to see a pretty good video on this subject.

Also, click here for the Monroe County website, which talks a bit about Chota.

Chapter Six: Bloody Ground

First of all, the photograph on page 28 is the one of the best reenacting photographs of the colonial era that I have ever seen. Thanks to Harold Jerrell for taking it and letting us use it!

Click here for a virtual tour of Sycamore Shoals State Park, which was the scene of many of the events described in this part of Long March to Tennessee.

Chapter Seven: Marks on the Trees

A big thank you to artist David Wright for letting us use images of his paintings, such as the one on page 33.

In my view, the Donelson Party journey is the greatest single story in all of Tennessee history. In this booklet, because of space constraints, I was not able to do it justice. Click here to read a column I wrote on the subject in 2006.

The map on page 34 is difficult to read in the booklet. Click here (below) to make it bigger, so you can show it to your class.

The Donelson Party is covered on the Sullivan and Davidson County history pages.

Chapter Eight: Overmountain Men

Click here for a TN History for Kids style virtual tour of Kings Mountain battlefield.

Also, click here to see out a remarkably entertaining and accurate video about the Battle of Kings Mountain which is shown at Kings Mountain National Military Park.

Chapter Nine: Franklin and Southwest Tennessee

Click here for a Tennessee History for Kids tour “In Search of the Lost State of Franklin.”

There is a lot of supplemental information from the website that goes with this chapter, including on the Knox and Sullivan County websites.

Also, William Blount and the matter of statehood appear in the virtual tour of historic Philadelphia, found here.

Chapter 10: Nickajack and Statehood

In my view, Nickajack Cave and the area around it should be turned into a state historical site, with a full-time staff, interpreters and living history events. For now, it is owned and overseen by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.

The Nickajack Expedition is extremely well documented. There are several other first-person accounts of the Nickajack Expedition in Paul Clement’s huge collection called Chronicles of the Cumberland Settlements, which you should be able to find on the second-hand book market.

Click here for the Marion County history page, which tells you more about the content in this chapter.

Sidebar: Not much of a State

The Tennessee State Museum created this fascinating map.

This map above is not included in the Long March to Tennessee booklet, but is a remarkable map which illustrates the point made in this sidebar.

When Tennessee first became a state, it consisted entirely of the blue parts and the green part shown on the map. The orange sections of the map were all still Cherokee or Chickasaw territory!

Chapter 11: Dirt Roads

Look for more information for this chapter on the Roane, Jackson and Cumberland County history pages (all to be upgraded in the summer of 2019).

An ad in the October 19, 1793, Knoxville Gazette

Chapter 12: Slavery in Tennessee

Tennessee History for Kids founder Bill Carey did extensive research into the subject of slavery and newspaper advertising in 2018. He now has copies of runaway slave ads which were published in every part of Tennessee.

If you would like to see what he has for your part of the state, click here to ask him.

Chapter 13: Revenge of the Dirty Shirts

Click here for a virtual tour of Horseshoe Bend, in Alabama, and here for a tour of Chalmette Battlefield, near New Orleans.

On the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, I (“History Bill”) was the only person from Tennessee who was actually AT the battlefield. I was there along with several hundred Muscogee (Creek) Indian visitors from Oklahoma, and it was a powerful day.

Chapter 14: Shakes to Grand Division

Click here for a virtual tour “In Search of the New Madrid Earthquakes.”

Click here for a virtual tour of Randolph, Tipton County’s “ghost town” on the Mississippi.

Click here for the Shelby County history page.

Chapter 15: The Place Where They Cried

There are two virtual tours on the Tennessee History for Kids website that cover material in this chapter–the Red Clay tour and the New Echota tour.

Also, this map (to the right), though very complicated, can be used to illustrate just how many treaties there were between the Cherokee nation and the U.S. government, and how each treaty resulting into the taking of Cherokee land. Each number on the map (27, 28, 36, etc) indicates land that went along with a particular treaty.

Chapter 16: Young Hickory, Old Hickory

When it comes to Andrew Jackson and James K. Polk, it is important to remember that both were born in the Carolinas, migrated west, and moved throughout their lives. To understand their stories, you have to go to various homes, battlefields, to the Tennessee State Capitol, and even to Washington D.C.

Click here for a virtual tour “In Search of Andrew Jackson” and here for a tour “In Search of James K. Polk.”

Click here for a video filmed at The Hermitage called “Encounter with Old Hickory.”

Also, I wrote an entire column about the fascinating photograph shown on page 76. Click here to read it.

Sidebar: Gone to Texas

Click here to see a Tennessee History for Kids video at the Alamo called “Remember the Tennesseans.”

Chapter 17: Tunnel through the Mountain

Read more about how railroads changed the Tennessee landscape on the Franklin, Rhea and Obion County history pages.

The Library of Congress photograph on page 80 that shows a train depot in Nashville during the Civil War merits a closer look. (Click on the right to see it in more detail.)

Your students may find this photo fascinating. How many locomotives can they find in this photo? How many people? Can the students see the Tennessee State Capitol in the photo?

Chapter 18: Laws and Rebellions

Click here for a Tennessee History for Kids virtual tour “In Search of Dred Scott.”